University of Konstanz
Algorithmics Group
Prof. Dr. Ulrik Brandes

Tom Brughmans

tom brughmans


address Department of Computer & Information Science
University of Konstanz
Box 67
78457 Konstanz, Germany
email mail
research blog


My research aims to explore the potential of network science for the archaeological discipline. In my review work I confront the use of network methods in the archaeological discipline with their use in other disciplines, especially sociology, computer science, and physics. In my archaeological work I aim to apply and develop network science techniques that show particular potential for archaeology. This is done through a number of archaeological case-studies: archaeological citation networks, visibility networks in Iron Age and Roman southern Spain, and tableware distribution in the Roman Eastern Mediterranean. As a member of the HERA CARIB project I explore the use of visibility analysis techniques for Caribbean archaeology.


2014-present Postdoctoral researcher, Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Konstanz (Germany)
2010-2014 PhD in Archaeology, Archaeological Computing Research Group, University of Southampton (UK)
PhD in Archaeology (2013-2014), Sagalassos Archaeological Research Project, University of Leuven (Belgium)
Visiting PhD student (2013-2014), Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Konstanz (Germany)
2009-2010 Research assistant, University of Southampton (UK)
Research assistant, University of Leuven (Belgium)
2008-2009 MSc in Archaeological Computing, University of Southampton (UK)
2007-2008 MA in Archaeology, University of Leuven (Belgium)
2004-2007 BA in Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology, University of Leuven (Belgium)

Publications (click here to download on Academia)

Journal articles BRUGHMANS, T., Keay, S., & Earl, G. P. 2014. Introducing exponential random graph models for visibility networks. Journal of Archaeological Science, 49, 442–454. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2014.05.027

BRUGHMANS, T. 2014. The roots and shoots of archaeological network analysis: A citation analysis and review of the archaeological use of formal network methods. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 29(1), 18–41.

Collar, A., BRUGHMANS, T., Coward, F., & Lemercier, C. 2014. Analyser les réseaux du passé en archéologie et en histoire. Les nouvelles de l’archéologie, 135, 9–13.

BRUGHMANS, T. 2013. Networks of networks: a citation network analysis of the adoption, use and adaptation of formal network techniques in archaeology. Literary and Linguistic Computing, The Journal of Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, 28(4), 538–562. doi:10.1093/llc/fqt048

BRUGHMANS, T. 2013. Thinking Through Networks: A Review of Formal Network Methods in Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 20: 623–662.

BRUGHMANS, T., Keay, S. and Earl, G. 2012. Complex Networks in Archaeology: Urban Connectivity in Iron Age and Roman Southern Spain. Leonardo 45(3).

BRUGHMANS, T. 2010: Connecting the dots : towards archaeological network analysis. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 29.3, 277-303.

Other publications BRUGHMANS, T. 2013. Review of I. Malkin 2011. A Small Greek World. Networks in the Ancient Mediterranean. The Classical Review 63(01): p.146–148.

Verhagen, P., BRUGHMANS, T., Nuninger, L. and Bertoncello, F. (2013). The long and winding road: combining least cost paths and network analysis techniques for settlement location analysis and predictive modeling. In Proceeding of the 40th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Southampton, 26-30 March 2012. Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press.

Harris, L., Earl, G., Beale, N., Phethean, C., and BRUGHMANS, T. 2012. Building Personal Learning Networks through Event- Based Social Media : a Case Study of the SMiLE Project The Growth of the “ Backchannel ”. In PLE Conference Proceedings, Personal Learning Environment Conference 2012,

BRUGHMANS, T. 2012. €œReview of €˜’An archaeology of interaction: network perspectives on material culture and society’ by Carl Knappett. Antiquity 86 (332): 577-578.

BRUGHMANS, T., Keay, S., Earl, G., 2012. Complex Networks in Archaeology: Urban Connectivity in Iron Age and Roman Southern Spain, in: Schich, M., Malina, R., Meirelles, I. (Eds.), Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks. MIT Press, Cambridge (MA).

BRUGHMANS, T., Isaksen, L. and Earl, G. 2012. Connecting the Dots: an Introduction to Critical Approaches in Archaeological Network Analysis. In Zhou, M., Romanowska, I., Wu, Z., Xu, P. and Verhagen, P. (eds) Revive the Past, Proceeding of the 39th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Beijing, 12-16 April 2011. Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press.

BRUGHMANS, T. and J., Poblome (in press). Pots in space: understanding Roman pottery distribution from confronting exploratory and geographical network analyses. In: Barker, E., Bouzarovski, S., Pelling, C. and Isaksen, L. eds. New Worlds out of Old Texts: Developing Techniques for the Spatial Analysis of Ancient Narratives. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

BRUGHMANS, T. (2012). Facebooking the past: a critical social network analysis approach for archaeology. In Chrysanthi, A., Flores, M. P., Papadopoulos, C. (eds), Thinking beyond the Tool: Archaeological Computing and the Interpretative Process. Oxford, Archaeopress – British Archaeological Reports International Series 2344.

Earl, G. P., Isaksen, L., Keay, S., Brughmans, T. and Potts, D. 2011: Computational methods on the Roman Port Networks project in S. Keay ed., Rome, Portus and the Mediterranean. Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome. London.

BRUGHMANS, T. 2010: Crossing the threshold : a critical analysis of Levantine domestic architecture. Terra Incognita, Annual Review of Archaeological Master Research in Flanders (Belgium), 4.